“For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.”
Given the name Rolihalala (translating to troublemaker) when he was born, Nelson Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, who rose to become a political leader and the first black president of South Africa (1994). Mandela relied on nonviolent civil disobedience to protest the South African apartheid, including peaceful protests (although Mandela’s movement did also engage in armed resistance). Imprisoned for nearly 30 years, Mandela worked to ensure that people around the world were aware of the apartheid movement. Both as president and after his retirement, Mandela championed peace and social justice, not only in South Africa but around the world.